The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The progression followed by the Alliance Francaise for its French courses is based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).
It is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and other countries. Its aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing. The six reference levels (see below) are widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual’s language proficiency. The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level.
The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions which can be divided into six levels:
||Can be achieved in…
||80 to 100 hours of learning
||+100 to 120 hours of learning
||+150 to 180 hours of learning
||+200 to 250 hours of learning
||+250 to 300 hours of learning
||Requires linguistic improvement involving variable number of studying hours
A: Basic User
B: Independent User
|B1 Threshold or intermediate
- Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
- Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
- Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest.
- Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
|Contents for Level B1
|B2 Vantage or upper intermediate
- Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
- Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
- Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
C: Proficient User
|C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced
- Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
- Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
- Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
- Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
|C2 Mastery or proficiency
- Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
- Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
- Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.